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  • Travel To The Kanark Temple And Sacred Lake

    Tue, Dec 1, 2009


    The temple of Kanark was also known as Ipet-isut in ancient times, and is one of the largest temples in the world. It is a complex of temples is 2000 years old and was dedicated to Theben triad of Amum, Mut and khonsu. This complex contains group of many different temples. The Great Temple of Amon Ra, The Temple of Khonso, The Temple of Ptah, The Temple of Montho, and The Temple of Osiris and all are surrounded with 20m high, mud brick. It overshadows the wonders of modern world. Ancient Egyptians believe this complex as house of Gods. The great temple of Amon Ra is also located in this complex which is called Ipt-Swt which means a “spot” and another name is Pr-Imn which means house of Amon. Al-Kanark is an Arabic name derived from Kanark, which means a “village” because this area was found by Arabs and many temples was situated in this area.

    It the biggest place of pilgrimage and covers about 200 acres 1.5km by 0.8km. It is a sacred place of Amon alone which covers 61 acres. The temple of Amon is situated in the heart of Kanrak. There are many several smaller temples and sacred lake. When you enter the Kanark you will find the ram headed Sphinxes which were built to serve as protection to temple. There are 20 rams on each side which extends from the small harbor to the 1st Pylon, and when you cross the 1st pylon you will find a big court about 100m long and 80m wide including rows and columns. It was built by the 22nd Dynasty. This open court has 21m high huge column and that is known as kiosk of Taharga who was ruler during the 25th Dynasty. This column from the left side of colonnade has 10 more sub columns. While on the left side of the main court there are 3 chapels, known as “Triad of Thebes” which was built by King Seti II. On the right side is the Temple of Ramses III, and this temple consists of one more pylon, open court, Hypostyle hall and a Sanctuary.

    The 2nd Pylon of the 18th Dynasty built by Horemheb is now damaged badly but it was completed by the founder of the 19th Dynasty completed it. The Great Hypostyle Hall which passes from the 2nd Pylon is 103m in length and 52m in width, and it contains 134 papyrus columns and each of them is 22m in height and 3.5m in diameter respectively. The huge number of columns was constructed by King Seti I and that was 22 columns in 14rows. The laterals are smaller than the ceiling in the centre as it allows light into the spot, and is Processional Avenue of the Triad during the festival of the Opet. All the scenes on this antique Hypostyle Hall shows the King Seti I making offerings to Gods. While if you face on the other southern wall the scenes of Rames II are carved making offerings and worshipping the Gods and Triad and Thebes. After passing from the 3rd Pylon you will find a huge rectangular court which is called the court of Tuthmosis I. In this court of there are 2 obelisks erected and this was the main entrance of the Temple during the time of Tuthmosis I. The weight of single obelisks is 19m high and around 310 tons in weight.

    Moving from the court of Tuthmosis you will see the 4th Pylon, which was also built by Tuthmosis I and beyond this court there is a rectangular colonnade which was also built by him. There are another 2 obelisks which were built by the Queen Hatshepsut, in which one of is still standing in its original position and it weight 322 tons and 29.5m in height and made from red granite. Tuthmoses III built a high long wall after the death of Queen Hatshepsut to hide these 2 obelisks.  Tuthomosis I again built the 5th Pylon which is damaged so Tuthmosis III built two small rooms near the 5th Pylon. After reaching the 6th Pylon which was built by Tuthmosis III you will see a room which was known as Ancestral Room and the original Sanctuary was built by him. This Ancestral room was again rebuilt by Philip Arrhidaeus the half brother of Alexander the Great. The Sanctuary was made of granite and was dedicated to Amon Ra. While passing through the Sanctuary you will see a court which takes you to the time of Middle Kingdom. This courtyard is badly damaged now and this was the site of old temple which is the origin of Karnak Temple.

    This Karnak Temple is a small complex of Temples with 10 pylons and one of the most sacred attractive destinations of the world. After visiting the holy Amon Ra at Karnak you should not forget to visit the Sacred Lake which is 80m in length and 40m in width. It will take you to the time of Tuthmosis III. There is scarab near the Sacred Lake. This scarab was known as Khebry and it is the symbol of Sun God. The Scarab is one of the biggest Scarabs of ancient Egyptian civilization.

    You can also enjoy an incredible sound and light show at Karnak Temple. There are special light and sound shows in different temples in Egypt which are the most excellent happenings for the tourists.

    Luxor to Karnak Temple

    The finest option to reach the Karnak temple is from the city of Luxor. It is located in the Upper Egypt in the province of Qena. It is the old city of Thebes and was the capital of Ancient Egypt. Early Arab travelers liked this city for its monuments they spread around the city and gave it name as Luxor means “The palaces”. Luxor is one of the most well-liked cities in the Egypt. All the major travel agencies and tourist offices are located in this city.

    You can reach Luxor by Air, Train or Bus. Luxor International Airport is located 6km east from the centre of the city. This International Airport has services for domestic airlines also. Many European Countries are directly connected with Luxor. Egypt Air has daily flights from Cairo to Luxor which costs around $250 and approximately 50 minutes to reach, but booking tickets early is advisable.

    Luxor international airport

    If you are planning to go by train than Luxor railway station is located in El-Mahata Square. Trains from Luxor to Cairo and Luxor to Aswan as well as from other southern cities are very frequent. The road route to reach Luxor is also easy, but it is very time consuming.

    Temperature in Luxor is can reach up to 40-50 c during summer. The weather is fairly hot around the year. Many people prefer to visit Egypt in winter.

    Accommodation in Luxor

    There are many hotels in Luxor according to the type of budget. The hotels are from 2 stars to 5 stars deluxe. The Winter Palace hotel is the most expensive located in Luxor Temple which is surrounded by shopping area and Egypt Air office.

    Luxor hotel

    Places to visit in Luxor

    It takes 4 days to visit Luxor properly, it has monuments on both the east and west side of the city.

    Places on the East side
    • The Museum of Luxor
    • Luxor Temple
    • The Mummification Museum
    • Karnak Temple
    Places on the West side
    • Valley of the Kings
    • Valley of the Queens
    • Valley of the Nobles
    • The Colossi of Memnon
    • Hatshepsut Temple of Deir El-Bahri
    • Medinat Habu Temple of Rames III
    • The Ramesseum
    • Temple of Esna

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